Nephrolepis - unpretentious and elegant
Nephrolepis (Nephrolepis, sem. Davallievye) - one of the most popular types of fern grown in room culture. In terms of beauty and grace, nephrolepis has no equal among decorative and deciduous plants. Its elegant juicy greens will revive any flower arrangement, nephrolepis also looks great in a single arrangement. The birthplace of nephrolepis is the tropics and subtropics of the globe. This is one of the most unpretentious species of fern.
- Description of Nephrolepis
- Popular types of nephrolepis
- Care for nephrolepis at home
Description of Nephrolepis
Nephrolepis is a large fern with a short rhizome. The length of its leaves ranges from 30 cm to 2.5 m, depending on the species and variety. Leaves (Vayi) of nephrolepis are pinnate, hanging down. They grow top throughout their lives, so you need to handle them very carefully.
In addition to leaves, fern forms lashes (stolons), which, when in contact with the soil, give layers. Like all ferns, nephrolepis is a sporangian plant. It does not bloom, and spores develop on the back of its leaves (they are correctly called vayi), with the help of which the reproduction of nephrolepis occurs.
Popular types of nephrolepis
More often than other types can be found on sale nephrolepis elevated (Nephrolepis exaltata) The leaves of the elevated nephrolepis are once pinnately separate. Complex leaf segments are oval-elongated, with serrated edges, 5–7 cm long. There are a number of varieties and garden forms of this species, which differ in the degree of segmentation of the segments.
Nephrolepis heart (Nephrolepis cordifilia) Is the second most common species that produces more dense, almost vertical, non-drooping leaves. The segments of the leaves of the heart nephrolepis are more rounded than in the previous species.
Care for nephrolepis at home
Nephrolepis prefers a bright location without direct sunlight, feels good on the north and north-west windows, many of its varieties are resistant to shading. A room with nephrolepis should be regularly ventilated. Temperatures should be quite low, at a level of 12-22 ° C. Nephrolepis needs regular spraying, especially in the heat, and in rooms with central heating.
Nephrolepis is watered regularly, but waterlogging is not allowed. Water should not contain lime. Do not overfeed the plant, it is enough to make mineral fertilizers once a month during the period of active growth.
Nephrolepis is transplanted annually in the spring. The substrate is prepared friable, it should pass air well. The optimal soil mixture of leaf soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. You can add sphagnum or chopped pine bark.
Nephrolepis is propagated by dividing the bush and layering, formed at the ends of the whiskers. Perhaps, although laborious, reproduction by spores.
If the air is too dry in the room, then the segments of the nephrolepis leaves will fall off, only bare rods will remain on the plant, although for old leaves this fall is natural.
Too pale leaves indicate damage to the roots as a result of decay or overdrying of an earthen coma.
Of the pests, the greatest danger to nephrolepis is represented by scale insects and mealybugs, infected plants must be treated with an insecticide (karbofos, actellik).