Florist calendar for May
In May, the full-fledged garden season finally begins. The weather allows not only to plant even the most non-cold-resistant crops, but also to draw up spectacular pottery gardens, decorate garden landscapes with pilots in ampels and take out the first potted and tub exotics in the open air. There is practically no time to admire a kaleidoscope of colors and forms of luxurious May bloom, because all the basic work of caring for not only useful but also ornamental plants is at its peak. This month we must not forget about seasonal crops, and shrubs and woody. Although most of the work will still concern grassy perennials.
All the attention to the main stars of garden ensembles
Grassy perennials in all their glory, from the most modest and small in size to quite aggressive and wildly growing giants in May take the most time and effort. These plants, playing on flower beds and in discounts as the role of both grateful partners and background crops, and texture, flowering, spectacular accents in this month, need the most attention. If the spring dragged on, warm weather had to wait until May, then almost all garden work with perennial stars had to be postponed until this month.
But even if you do not plan big changes in the structure and design of the garden, it is in May that you start vegetative propagation and rejuvenation of old curtains. In early May, focus on dividing, propagating, and planting all the main decorative flowering perennials - delphinium, phlox, astilbe, feverfew, host, etc. True, due to a later start, it is better to separate the fungi in the third decade of May. When dividing adult perennials, make sure that at least 3-5 kidneys and a good bunch of roots remain in each dividend.
The main front of work with perennials is associated with the creation of new and correction of existing compositions. Partial plant replacement, planting reconstruction, rejuvenating ensembles, introducing new accents, changing the color scheme, completely replacing decorative compositions or creating new flower beds, flower beds, mixborders and landscape groups is best done in May.
There will be in May, and other concerns associated with the landing. New conifers in the garden can be planted almost until mid-May, and if the plants are sold in containers - until the end of the month.
This month, cuttings can also be cut in perennials such as gaillardia, nyvyanik, phlox, feverfew and astilbe. Young branches with a “heel” about 5-10 cm long are rooted in sand or high-quality soil, deepened by 1.5-2 cm and maintaining stable humidity and greenhouse conditions.
The first onion time to plant
In May, the first excavation of the onion begins. Small-bulb crops, such as spring crops, snowdrops, bluebells and muscari, this month can be propagated, divided nests, move them to a new place, carefully separating individual bulbs or their groups. Planting plants on new sites prepared in advance, carry out immediately.
Crops in the soil and planting seedlings
May is the main month for sowing directly into open soil for all perennial and annual plants, as well as most annual vines, which prefer to sow not for seedlings. Directly at the cultivation site this month, crops are best done on previously improved and cultivated garden areas. Most ornamental plants prefer preliminary sowing on the so-called seedling ridges, although for many flyers it is possible to sow directly in the decorative compositions themselves, followed by thinning of the seedlings.
The optimal period for sowing is considered the first decade of May, but you should always be guided by the weather conditions. In the third decade of May, sowing in the open soil of biennials intended for flowering in the next year - bells, digitalis, mallow, Turkish cloves and other biennials begins.
This is a wonderful month for sowing most herbs. Since their germination rate is lost very quickly, it is imperative to check the germination capacity of each batch of seeds before direct sowing on flower beds and in flower beds or on decorative beds, medicinal herb gardens and landscape plantings. In May, it's time to replenish decorative compositions with vegetables or berry crops, herbs from the garden, unless of course you want to try all the charm of a mixed design. Strawberries, thyme or oregano bushes, for example, will look great among classic ornamental plants.
Also, during the first half of the month you can continue to plant onion bulbs of gladioli and other tuberous bulbous plants wintering outside the soil. Before direct planting, you need to once again check the stocks of planting material, sort the bulbs and tubers, clean them of scales and other debris, and carry out the treatment with a weak solution of fungicide or potassium permanganate.
Since seedlings can be transported from premises to soil only after it is warm enough, traditionally all work with pre-grown seedlings of both annual and perennial crops is carried out in May. The first to take out the most cold-resistant plants, preferring earlier sowing periods for seedlings - left-handed and Shabo cloves.
They are not afraid even of small frosts. At the very beginning of May, plants such as decorative beans, hops, morning glory, dolichos and other curly flyers are traditionally transferred to a permanent place. In the first half of the month, following the “pioneers”, one can take out and plant seedlings of godetsia, lobelia, snapdragon, lobularia, chrysanthemums, ornamental cabbage, scabiosis and other cold-resistant summers. Only in the second half of May you can do the landing of Gaillardia, Niremberg, Verbena, Coreopsis, Asters and Rudbeck.
Even in May, all safety measures must be followed when planting seedlings. Remember that plants should be tempered for at least 1 week before being transferred to a permanent place. For capricious annuals, this time is better to increase to 2 weeks.
Pot gardens in all its glory
Some flyers such as calendula, snapdragon and nasturtium can be sown directly in containers and boxes for the balcony and window sills, terraces and relaxation areas. Under the May sun they will sprout quickly enough and actively move to growth.
In May, you can begin active transplantation of seedlings of pilots and balcony plants in ampels, containers and pots. The first to plant daisies, pansies, then less cold-resistant summers. It is extremely important for plants to provide a good drainage layer and a quality substrate. A week after planting, you need to start the first feeding and mandatory pinching of the shoots to thicken the bushes and form more beautiful and lush compositions. This month make up all the main pottery gardens on the terrace, balcony, in recreation areas.
Focus on basic care components
If in April we were talking only about initial gardening, preparing the soil, planting up, starting the feeding season, and the care was almost reduced to pruning, then in May the season of full and mandatory care for most ornamental garden plants begins. It is this month that regular watering starts, and most of the other classic procedures for caring for flowering and decorative-leafy pets.
Regular watering at the slightest drought is needed by all the main spring stars from among the bulbous, including daffodils and tulips. Access to moisture is necessary not only for colorful flowering, but also for the normal development of bulbs preparing for the next cycle and dormancy. If there is not enough rainfall, the soil for these plants should be watered so that it is wet to a depth of about 20 cm. 1-2 irrigation in May guarantee normal bulb ripening. But at the same time, care should be taken not to create too humid conditions, to maintain only a stable environment for the full development of bulb plants.
Watering will be needed not only onion, but also other flowering crops. For all, without exception, spring flowering plants, it is carried out in accordance with the control of the level of natural precipitation. On cool days, even the most capricious plants will hardly need watering, but it is better to provide additional procedures for plants in sunny, dry weather. Watering is especially important for flowering shrubs and perennials that have been planted only this spring. The younger the plants, the more they are sensitive to drought during this period and the more dependent on your care.
This month, and feeding is carried out for all flowering shrubs and perennials. If you have not done this before, then for all ornamental plants it is better to conduct spring dressing with complex or nitrogen fertilizers that stimulate active growth. Depending on the preferences of a particular species and variety, the flowering period, this month, repeated fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers is carried out, as well as procedures at the budding stage or before flowering. For bulbs, potassium-phosphorus top dressing is carried out before flowering begins, if it is late or absent altogether and immediately after flowering is complete (along with abundant watering).
Do not forget to monitor the cleanliness, attractiveness of flower beds and discounts, always maintain a neat and well-groomed appearance of plantings. In May, weeds are actively developing and growing rapidly on all decorative compositions, and flowering plants only add to the hassle. During this month, especially if you do not resort to mulching, clean even small weeds in a timely manner, by no means letting them bloom and timely monitor the removal of dry foliage and fading inflorescences.
Despite the fact that the mulching layer is usually created much earlier, after careful weeding, you can do it in May. Begin to carry out and loosening the soil, especially after heavy rainfall, and for all flowering crops.
Pay attention to perennials that have time to bloom this month. For all types of irises, astilbe and other plants, it is advisable to sprinkle the soil on time, preventing the rhizomes from being exposed.
The main front of work on trimming decorative crops by this month is already being completed. In May, only perennial plants that finish their flowering and seasonal accents are pruned. Mandatory pruning of flower stalks requires, in particular, frankincense, adonis, alissum, liverwort, carpet phlox, pechukha and other primroses. It is advisable to prune the seed before the seed ripens (except for those varieties that you want to try propagating by seed).
Special May care needed by individual garden plants:
- in pines, it is recommended to pinch young growths, removing up to 1/2 the length of the candle-shaped formations so that the young needles open faster and more interesting forms of the crown are formed;
- in summer blooming phlox, it is necessary to cut out all weak shoots;
- This month, roses are needed in intensive care and careful care, which not only feed and water, but also conduct at least weekly inspections of foliage.
In May, full-fledged active lawn care begins. A regular haircut usually starts this month, unless, of course, the weather allowed cleaning to be done earlier. By this time, the lawn must be cleaned of felt and debris, hold the first cleaning mowing, which is better to deal with before the beginning of the last month of spring. Mowing should be complemented by the beginning of regular watering. But in May you can continue to work with the edges of the lawn and fill bald spots with new grass.
May is considered the first month suitable for planting new lawn sites. Moreover, sites for green lawns must be prepared in advance, not only carefully leveling and digging the soil, but also achieving an absolutely flat surface using a special skating rink or board. After preliminary application of special fertilizers into the soil, leveling and watering, sowing is carried out, scattering seeds with a special seeder or manually according to the frequency recommended by the manufacturer.
After sowing, the seeds can be rolled up just as easily as slightly covered with soil. Young herbs need to be allowed to rise to a height of 6-10 cm, and only then hold the first high bevel. At the recommended height, the lawn begins to be cut only the second time.
Preparing wintering room tubs and pots for callout
In May, for most plants, the time has not yet come to move to fresh air. You can take out into the garden only cold-resistant and hardy plants of "our" assortment - coniferous, evergreen crops and perennials. Be guided by temperature. On warm days, plants can be taken to fresh air, immediately removed back or covered with the slightest threat of frost.
But the main thing is still care. All garden potted and tubing plants must already undergo the mandatory procedure of transplanting, transferring or replacing the topsoil. If you did not manage to cope earlier, be sure to allocate time for these works. Particular attention should be paid to perennials that grow in pot culture and those that you only plan to plant in containers, using delenki from large curtains on flower beds.
For them, containers are increased by 2-3 sizes (not less than 10 cm), because the active growth of garden crops, accustomed to open soil, does not allow to increase containers by only 2-5 cm annually, as for ordinary exotics. When transplanting for plants, a drainage is necessarily laid, the soil mixture is selected only according to the individual preferences of each species.
For crops that you plan to use to decorate the garden, planting in containers is somewhat different from indoor crops. At least 2 cm should be left from the top edge of the pots, otherwise you will not be able to water plants that are in the open season in the hot season.
In May, for all plants it is necessary to begin active care - to provide them with systemic watering and spraying for adaptation as quickly as possible. Top dressing for all container and potted perennial exotic crops begins to be carried out no earlier than 3 weeks after transplantation, but in May it is better to transfer them to the "summer mode".
Do not forget about plant protection
Despite the fact that in May they are already actively planting plants and all work is at its peak, the weather can still be unpleasantly surprised by late return frosts. Always keep non-woven materials and other emergency cover products in reserve. In case of too sharp lowering of night temperatures, the most capricious flowering plants, as well as the just planted young seedlings or delenki, may need protection.
It is in May that they begin to carry out work to protect the most “appetizing” garden ornamental crops on flower beds from slugs that love to regale themselves with young leaves. Check your stocks of traps, insecticides and fungicides, if necessary, replenish the assortment of drugs with which you can quickly fight pests and infections at the first sign of their appearance.
For the most capricious and unstable varieties of roses and other shrubs, conduct preventive spraying this month to protect against powdery mildew, rust and other diseases.