How to achieve a high yield of tomatoes when grown in greenhouses?
Achieving good yield indicators when growing tomatoes is not an easy task, but it is quite solvable if you follow a few basic rules. Tips from experienced gardeners gathered from a private collection will help you quickly master this complex science of home agronomy.
6 tips for growing tomatoes in a greenhouse
1. Thickened planting
Thickened planting of tomato plants is the main problem and the cause of poor tomato harvests. In order for plants to actively bear fruit and bear fruit, it is necessary to ensure free access to sunlight to each leaf. Timely removal of stepsons, lower leaves will allow nutrients to reach the upper tiers of the plant and the tomato will give more color and fruit. Experienced gardeners are advised to remove any leaves located below 30 cm from the ground.
2. Rules for watering tomatoes
Watering the plants must be carried out under the root, in no case do not spray with water - these are not indoor flowers. The ideal temperature for watering tomatoes is + 18-22 ° С. If you are holding a barrel where water has been poured for irrigation, try to cover the container with a tight lid so as not to increase the humidity level inside the greenhouse. Watering time from five in the morning until lunch, when the air temperature is lower than the temperature of the water, then vegetables better absorb minerals, nutritional supplements, absorb moisture well.
3. Temperature conditions for tomatoes
Is it hot in the greenhouse? Place dark stones between the rows (you can specifically blacken them with soot) or tinted glass bottles. These objects "absorb" the sun's color and excess heat, reducing the overall temperature in the room of the greenhouse.
4. Fertilizers and fertilizing tomatoes
Feed the plants 3 times for the entire vegetative period with phosphorus and calcium:
- 10 days after planting;
- Spray tomatoes every 30 days with micronutrient solutions.
Include the required components in the second period: boron, manganese, magnesium, copper, molybdenum, zinc; in lands with a neutral pH, it is desirable to add iron. Use immunomodulators: immunocytophyte, zircon, elin.
5. Humidity for tomatoes
Tomatoes are a self-fertile crop, that is, the flower of a plant is pollinated independently. To improve the quality of pollination, increase the amount of ovary on tomatoes, it is necessary to monitor the humidity in the greenhouse, try to keep the air dry, and the temperature 20-26 ° С.
6. Watering tomatoes during fruiting
Rare and plentiful watering of tomatoes in the early growing season after the first fruit ovary on the bushes should be changed to rare: 2 times in 7-10 days with small doses of water (no more than 250 ml per bush).
Agree, fairly simple recommendations to implement is not so difficult! But the harvest will delight you, such an abundance of fruits and a long term fruiting of tomato bushes you will not see anywhere else.